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10 reasons those pointe shoes hurt

The long-held dream has finally actualized, and you now own your first pair of pointe shoes. At last! The thrill of calling those expensive, pink/peach, satiny, torpedo-shaped shoes your own. The pride. The satisfaction. The—yikes!—pain.

Yup. The pain.

Why? you might be crying, even after weeks into the ordeal. Even after having done all the necessary preparation work. Why such pain? What is going wrong?

Fret not, dear reader. The Classical Girl is here to offer you 10 reasons why those pointe shoes continue to hurt.

The short answers:

  1. Your feet aren’t ready. The foot muscles are weak and need to strengthen.

  2. They don’t fit well, largely because you didn’t seek out a professional fitter.

  3. The brand you chose favors a foot type that simply isn’t yours.

  4. You were unaware of the reality: pointe shoes hurt. They were never intended to feel good.

  5. Your toes and skin haven’t callused up enough yet.

  6. Your toenails are too long/too short.

  7. You haven’t broken in the shoes enough

  8. You’ve broken in the shoes too much

  9. You aren’t using enough toe padding. Or, paradoxically, you’re using too much toe padding.

  10. There could be some misalignment issue with your ankles and/or feet.

The Longer Answers:

1) It could be that the muscles on your feet just aren’t ready to support you, and you should spend another year off pointe, or doing the simplest exercises with the pointe shoes on, like holding onto the barre and slowly trying to rise to pointe from demi-pointe. And the point (no pun intended — well, maybe a little) shouldn’t be to arrive en pointe, so much as get those muscles working and growing strong from that midway point between demi and full pointe. If those muscles ache and hurt, don’t stay long. Back off a tiny bit. But you do want to arrive at that place that’s a little uncomfortable and accustom your feet to that. I can appreciate the pain – I tried on my old pointe shoes a few years back, just for fun, to show a friend’s aspiring ballerina daughter, and was stunned by how my muscles clenched in protest. It hurt like it had never hurt, decades back, when I danced en pointe. Well, no surprise! Those are very specific muscles that take the foot en pointe, and you have to work your way toward the process slower than you might want, or expect. Like so many things in life, you gotta do the boring, humbling stuff before you can really take off.

2) If you’re a teen and your parents are buying your shoes for you, share this with them. Parents: never, never buy a pointe shoe so that there’s “room to grow.” Yes, pointe shoes are expensive, and yes, your child will outgrow them with one growth spurt. That’s life. Loose shoes are a terrible idea. They’ll cause more harm than good, as your daughter’s feet slide around, clench, get squashed at the tip. It’s like buying gloves two sizes too big to grow into (and then walking on your hands/fingertips).

3) If you’re an adult beginner, are you taking regular class with a qualified teacher, or are you teaching yourself ballet from online tutorials? Is your motivation greater than your current abilities? And that pedicure you’re investing in is buffing off those “good,” hard-earned calluses. The latter three things need to be reconsidered.

4) Along the lines of self-taught ballet, did you maybe order those pointe shoes online instead of getting fitted by a professional pointe shoe fitter in an actual store? And/or did you choose the brand that maybe your best friend wears and loves, but which favors a foot type that simply isn’t yours? Bad call, as you’re coming to find out. But both these problems are easily resolved: go find a professional pointe shoe fitter, or at least a shoe store that has an experienced pointe shoe salesperson on hand. Drive two hours one-way if you have to. It’s that important, at least for that first, all-important fitting. Let them help you find which shoe works best. There are tons of options available. Tons. The following illustrates but a few:

5) A memory related to the above: I was nineteen, wearing Capezios and still having a hard time getting up en pointe without pain. I assumed the shoe was fine (got professional advice when I chose it, but this was suburban Kansas in the 1970’s) and that it was my own wimpiness. It sucked. I’d sort of clench and jolt my way up to pointe, kind of like the way you take off a Band-aid in one quick, jerking movement because it hurts so bad to do it slowly. I’d recently joined a dance company, and I was feeling pretty ashamed to be failing at this seemingly rudimentary task. My observant artistic director caught on, watched me “roll up” slowly en pointe – which I simply couldn’t do elegantly with those shoes. “Try Freed pointe shoes,” was her advice, which I took. ((Lone flaw with the graphic above: WHY NO FREEDS?)) Oh, my. Wow. What a difference with Freeds, made by Freed of London. I rolled up easily. No pain. Easy to go up and down off pointe. One of the happiest, most relieved moments of my ballet life, trying on that first pair of Freed pointe shoes. (Worth mentioning that a good number of professional ballet dancers prefer Freed pointe shoes, although Gaynor Minden, a pointe shoe constructed very differently from the others, has an increasing number of fans. And maybe this is a U.S. preference and not worldwide.)

6) Padding matters, but maybe not how you think. While not enough of it can create pain, believe it or not, too much can be the source of equal problems. You want your toes to be able to “feel” the floor, or at least the insides of the pointe shoe, in an intuitive way. Think of wearing mittens, big bulky ones, inside the house as you do your daily activities. Cushioned, yes. Effective at finger dexterity, no. I started out, like so many beginners do, cramming the box with padding. In my early pointe shoe days, the choice was… lambs’ wool. Or more lambs’ wool. Which quickly became problematic because my big toe always created holes in the protection, during which time my smaller toes felt cramped and crowded, all this surplus wool gravitating to them, even as my big toe was going “ow, ow, ow!” Later, there were foam rubber toe pads, that ultimately did something similar, where the big toe nail cut through the cushion like butter and created a vulnerable spot even as, again, the other toes felt too padded. During my performance years, my artistic director taught me a nifty trick: use knee-high pantyhose that you start to put on your feet, just up to your toes, and then you wrap the rest around your toes. It offered a light cushion that, granted, might not be enough for someone brand new to pointe, but for a dancer or student who’s got “seasoned feet,” it’s a great way to feel protected, yet feel the floor, and not have the smaller toes feel numbed by all the cushion. I can’t comment on the gel toe pads available these days, because I danced en pointe only in the ‘70s and ’80s, but I’m inclined to think the rule still applies: don’t use the protection as a crutch [for too long] that prevents your toes from really “feeling” the floor. You might ultimately need less protection than you think.

7) There could be misalignment issues with your ankles and/or feet going on. Fret not — this doesn’t have to mean that you’ve forever missed your chance to dance en pointe. Go to a doctor, a physical therapist, figure out what is really going on. They can assign you therapeutic exercises to help combat your issues. And if they say “hmm, there might be some surgery required, down the road,” take comfort in the knowledge that professional ballet dancers are frequently told this, and have to take the scary step of backing off dance for six weeks to six months, to repair what is malfunctioning (often it’s an extra bone in the foot, a bone chip, hammertoe, stress fracture, sesamoiditis, etc). And they are able to go back to dancing en pointe at the highest level. So don’t go thinking misalignment issues or more serious issues mean that’s it for you, for life. You should NOT be in the high level of pain that the issue is causing. Don’t be in denial about this. Check in with your doctor.

8) Breaking in pointe shoes Oh boy. That could be a blog of its own. It’s crucial. It’s an art in and of itself. There are tricks to prolonging the shoes’ life, as well. I’m going to let my characters from my first ballet novel, Off Balance, tell you what they preferred doing. Scroll to the bottom of this page (or you can check out the novel itself HERE).

So. In summary…

Find a store that has a pointe-shoe fitting expert working. Try on different makers of pointe shoes. If you haven’t seen my post, “10 Odd Facts About Pointe Shoes,” check it out. Strengthen your feet, and don’t rush the process of this crucial preparation to dancing en pointe.

And the good news is, if it is simply that your muscles are cramping and the pressure really hurts your feet, if you make it a point to practice at home, feet in first position, facing a barre-facsimile (the back of a kitchen chair works well), that simple exercise of rolling slowly up and slowly down, for 10 minutes nightly (or start at 3 minutes and work your way up to 10 gradually) in a month’s time, that cramping will be GONE because your muscles have grown stronger. There will always be some “ow, this pressure on my toes hurts!” That, alas, is one of the things most aspiring pointe dancers overlook. Pointe shoes hurt. I do not miss wearing them. But oh, wow, how beautiful they look when your strong feet are dancing in them.

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